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Firearm Act: What does “dedicated status” mean to a firearm owner??

In last week’s issue, I discussed the process of applying for a firearm license. Today, I’m going to focus on the benefits of having a “dedicated hunter and/or sport shooting status” issued to someone by an accredited hunting – or sport shooting association.

When a person wants to license a firearm on his/her name for sport shooting or hunting purposes and he/she doesn’t have a “dedicated hunter or – sport shooting status”, he or she has to apply in terms of section 15 of the Firearm Control Act (FCA). Section 15 deals with licenses to possess firearms for “occasional hunting and sport –shooting” and partially reads as follows:

15(1): “A firearm in respect of which a license may be issued in terms of this section is any-
(a) Handgun which is not fully automatic;
(b) Rifle or shotgun which is not fully or semi automatic, …...
15(2): The Registrar may issue a license in terms of this section to any natural person who is an “occasional hunter or sports person”;
15(3) (a) ….no person may hold more than four (4) licenses issued in terms of this section.
(b) If a person holds a license issued in terms of section 13 (self- defence), he/she may then only hold three(3) licenses issued in terms of this section.
(c) A person may not hold more than one (1) license in respect of a handgun contemplated in subsection (1) (a).
It is therefore clearly in terms of the FCA, section 15, that if a person doesn’t have a “dedicated status”, he/she is firstly not allow to legally possess more than four (4) firearms and secondly to possess any semi – or fully automatic rifles or shotguns. If a person wants to possess more than four (4) firearms and any semi automatic rifles/shotguns, he/or she must apply for a license in terms of section 16 of the FCA. (To do that, one has to be in possession of a dedicated hunter – and/or sport shooting status). Section 16 deals with licenses to possess firearms for “dedicated hunting and sport –shooting” and partially reads as follows:
16(1): “A firearm in respect of which a license may be issued in terms of this section is any-
(a) Handgun which is not fully automatic;
(b) Rifle or shotgun which is not fully automatic, etc.
16(2): The Registrar may issue a license in terms of this section to any natural person who is a “dedicated hunter or sports person”….;
There are thus no limitations in terms of section 16 on the amount of legal firearms a person may possess! Section 16 therefore allows a person to firstly possess more than four (4) firearms and secondly to possess semi automatic rifles, handguns and/or shotguns! To obtain a “dedicated hunter or sport shooting status”, a person has to join an accredited association like the SA Hunters and Game Conservation Association (SAHGCA) and then follow their internal rules. Taking the above mentioned into consideration, most of us will agree that it’s definitely worth it to join an accredited association, follow their internal rules, obtain “dedicated status” (hunter and/or sport shooting) and then apply in terms of section 16 of the FCA for a firearm license. Following this route, a person is allowed to firstly possess more than four (4) firearms and secondly to possess semi automatic firearms like Mini Ruger .223’s, LM 5’s, semi-auto shotguns, semi-auto .22 rifles, et cetera. Accredited associations, like SAHGCA, have not only “dedicated statuses” that they can help their members with, but a lot of other benefits to offer. For example, some of the benefits of

SAHGCA that they offer their members are:

1) Members receive monthly the SA Hunters magazine for free;
2) They’re the biggest association of its kind in the country (Up to date they’ve +- 38 000 paid up members);
3) They have their own website, www.sahunters.co.za, where members can log their hunting and sport shooting activities for future motivational purposes;
4) They have various shooting tables for handguns, rifles, shotguns, black powder; bows and air rifles. (It’s ideal for motivational purposes for sport shooting firearms);
5) They’re internationally affiliated with IHEA (International Hunter’s Education Association);
6) They have connections with NRA (National Rifle Association) which represents 12,5 million firearm owners in USA;
7) They can issue dedicated hunters and – sports shooting statuses to their members;
8) They provide training for “Range Officers” and after successful completion, a certificate will be issued;
9) They have their own trophy record book for their members and more specifically for their trophy hunters;
10) They took the lead in opposing many of the obstacles and complexities or firearm ownership caused by the Firearms Amendment Act;
11) New problems that arise are dealt with promptly and efficiently, thanks to the good working relationship and mutual understanding that SAHGCA an Central Firearm Registrar developed;
12) They took a deliberate decision to position the Association as a prominent role player on conservation matters and adopted the motto: “Conservation through Sustainable Utilisation” as its conservation strategy, et cetera.
My advice to the readers who are hunters and sport shooters, is to join a hunter/sport shooting association, get your dedicated statuses and apply in terms of section 16 of the FCA!

Firearm regards!

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Fairy tales, myths and legends of the upside down tree / Sprokies, mites en legendes van die onderstebo-boom

                                  

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Sprokies, mites en legendes van die onderstebo-boom

Naas Grové

Die kremetart behoort aan die BOMBACACEAE, die Kapokboom-familie. Drie spesies van die familie is endemies aan Suidelike-Afrika. Die Adansonia digitata en ‘n nuwe spesie A. kilima (kremetart) kom natuurlik net bokant die Steenbokskeerkring (23° Suid) voor. Die derde spesie, Bombax rhodognalhalon kom slegs in die noorde van Mosambiek voor. ’n Ander lid van die familie, Ceiba pentandra, die uitheemse kapokboom, is afkomstig uit tropiese Amerika en Indië en dit word dikwels as straatbome aangeplant, ook in Rustenburg.

Daar is slegs nege spesies Adansonia in die wêreld; ses in Madagaskar, een in Australië en twee in Afrika. Die bekendste spesie, Adansonia digitata, is inheems tot die semi droë gedeeltes van sub-Sahara-Afrika. Die genus naam Adansonia is afgelei van Michael Adanson (1727 – 1806), ‘n Franse botanis en die spesienaam digitata van die Latyn digitatus/-a/-um wat ‘vinger’ beteken. Dit verwys na die blare van die boom.

Die oorsprong van die volksnaam baobab in Engels is geheimsinnig. Party mense beweer dit is afgelei van ‘bu hobab’, ‘n naam wat vir die plant op die markpleine van antieke Kaïro gegee was. Dit is moontlik afgelei van die Arabiese word ‘bu hibab’ wat verwys na ‘n ‘vrug met baie sade’. Vir baie eeue is alles wat bekend was oor dié genus gegrond op die kennis wat versamel is oor die spesie Adansonia digitata. Die 14de eeuse Arabiese reisiger Ibn Batuta het die eerste maal inligting oor die boom geboekstaaf en verwys na die water bergingskapasiteit van die boom en sy massiewe bonkige stam. Die San mense het geglo dat die boom uit die hemel op sy kop geval het en daarom verwys hulle na dit as die ‘onderste-bo boom’.

Baie sprokies bestaan oor die gelowe, gebruike en mites rakende hierdie misterieuse boom. Gekookte blare is vir baie lank al gebruik om koors en diarree te behandel. Die bas wat adansonien bevat, word kommersieël in Europa onder die naam Cortex Cael Cedar, as ‘n plaasvervanger vir kinien bemark. Die boom bied huisvesting aan menigte voëlspesies, reptiele, wild en roofdiere. Die wit wasagtige gekreukelde blomare is tweeslagtig en het ‘n lewensduurte van ongeveer 24 uur. Dit word deur vrugte-vlermuise en windbestuiwing bevrug. ‘n Volwasse boom kan tot 400 blomme op een slag dra. Die vrugte is groot, ovaalvormig en aanvanklik vaalgroen en viltagtig. By rypwording verkleur dit ligbruin en in die binnekant is talle boontjie-vormige, swart pitte in ‘n melerige, droë vrugtemoes ingebed. Die vrugtemoes bevat askorbiensuur, wynsteensuur en sitroensuur en word met water gemeng om ‘n heerlike drank voor te berei.

Die mite dat die bome tot 6 000 jaar oud kan word, is steeds ‘n onderwerp van bespreking om menige bosveldvuur en jagstories. Aantekeninge deur Von Breitenbach (Journal of Dendrology: 1985) oor die groeitempo van aangeplante kremetartbome, die lewenstyd, groeifase en genetiese variasie van die Adansonia digitata, het waarskynlik die bespiegelinge oor die lang lewensduur van die kremetart weerlê. Dit is baie moeilik om die ouderdom van die plant te bevestig as gevolg van die afwesigheid van jaarringe. Wanneer die boom doodgaan stort dit in ’n veselagtige pulp massa ineen. Nietemin het Von Breitenbach tussen 1960 en 1985, 40 aangeplante kremetartbome tussen die ouderdom van 12 en 92 jaar op 11 verskillende groeiplekke in die voormalige Transvaal opgespoor, gemeet en gemonitor. Ten spyte van die beperkte aantal beskikbare monsterbome was die groeitendense met betrekking tot stamdikte, boomhoogte, kroonwydte, biomassa en grafiese ontleding duidelik herkenbaar. Nadat die inligting ontleed is, het Von Breitenbach volledige lewenstydgroei projeksies gemaak en is vier duidelike groeifases onderskei, naamlik:

• 0 tot 10 – 15 jaar, die jong boompie fase
• 10 – 15 tot 60 – 70 jaar die kegel fase,
• 60 – 70 tot 200 – 300 jaar, die bottel fase
• 200 – 300 tot 500 – 800 jaar, die ouderdom fase.

Aanvanklik is die blare enkelvoudig (jong boompie fase), daarna verander dit na drievoudig saamgestel (kegel fase) waarna dit weer verander in ‘n handvormig saamgestelde blaar met vyf tot soms sewe klein blare sodra die bottelfase en ouderdomsfase aanbreek. Dit is vir die rede dat baie mense glo daar nie klein boompies in die veld is nie.


Met al die mistiek en onsekerhede wat die plant omring, is dit is dan ook geen wonder dat die kremetartboom vir menigte tuin- en plantliefhebbers ‘n spesiale bekoring inhou nie. Dit word weerspieël in die aanwesigheid van talle bome buite die natuurlike vespreidingsgebied van die plante. Daar is selfs ‘n kremetartboom in die Kirstenbosch Nasionale Botaniese Tuin in Kaapstad, alhoewel dit onder kunsmatige omstandighede aan die lewe gehou word.

Die hardskalige sade kan voor ontkieming in warm water geweek word of met ʼn ligte suur behandel word. Dit ontkiem baie maklik en na die eerste jaar kan die plant reeds 15cm hoog word en lyk dit reeds soos ‘n miniatuur kremetart. Aanvanklik groei dit baie vinnig, maar namate dit ouer word, lyk dit asof die plant stagneer. ‘n Mens plant dus letterlik ‘n kremetartboom vir jou kinders se kinders, in geloof en hoop dat dit die elemente van die natuur sal oorleef. Hier in Rustenburg is talle kremetarte met sukses aangeplant. Die bekendstes is waarskynlik die bome in Cashane en die een by die Kloof. Die bome hou van goed gedreineerde grond (beslis nie turf nie!). Solank die grond goed dreineer, sal dit die reënval in Rustenburg oorleef. Die uitdaging is egter om water weg te hou wanneer die seisoen gedraai het en die boom sy blare, gewoonlik baie vroeg in die herfs, verloor. Gedurende die tyd kan dit maklik vrot en is die plant op sy kwesbaarste. Dit kan matige koue maar nie ryp (ook nie swartryp) verduur nie. Vir die bonsai liefhebber is geduld die wagwoord en die beloning ewe groot.

Die Sagole kremetart in Venda is die grootste kremetartboom wat opgeneem is in die Dendrologiese Vereniging se Nasionale Register van Grootbome in Suid-Afrika©. Die boom het ‘n Grootboom-indeks waarde van 440. Die grootboom-indekswaarde word bereken deur ‘n formule wat ‘n kombinasie is van die stamdeursnee by borshoogte, die hoogte van die boom en die gemiddelde kroonwydte. Ingevolge die Nasionale Bosbou Wet van 1998 is die kremetart as beskermde plant verklaar en dit is dus ’n oortreding om die plant te vernietig, te versteur of te beskadig

Indien lesers interessante boom navrae het kan ’n kort teksboodskap na +27825754244 of ’n e-pos aan This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. gerig word.

Volgende week: Lewende fossiele

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Fairy tales, myths and legends of the upside down tree

Naas Grové

The baobab belongs to the BOMBACACEAE, the Bombax family. Three species in the family are endemic to Southern Africa, viz. Adansonia digitata and a newly recogized spesies A. kilima can be found in their natural habitat just north of the Tropic of Capricorn (23° south). The other member of the family, Bombax rhodognaphalon is found only in the northern parts of Mozambique. Another member of the family, Ceiba pentandra, the alien kapok tree, originates from tropical America and India and is often planted on side walks and in gardens in Rustenburg.
There are nine species Adansonia in the world; six in Madagascar, one in Australia and two in Africa. The best-known species, Adansonia digitata, is native to the semi arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa. The genus name is derived from Michael Adanson (1727 - 1806), a French botanist and the species name digitata from Latin digitatus / -a / -um referring to the palmately compound leaves of the tree.

The origin of the common name baobab is mysterious. Some claims it derives from ho'bab bu', a name given to the plant in the ancient market places of Cairo. It is however probably derived from the Arabic bu hibab which refers to a fruit with many seeds. For many centuries, all knowlegde about the genus was based on the knowledge gained about the species Adansonia digitata. The 14th century Arab traveler Ibn Batuta first recorded information about this tree and referred to the water storage capacity of the tree and its massive stocky trunk. The San people believed that the tree fell from heaven and landed on his head, hence the name up-side-down-tree. Certainly, when winter comes, the baobab resembles a mass of roots pointing towards the sky instead of being underground.

There are many accounts about the beliefs, practices and myths regarding this mysterious tree. For a long time boiled leaves have been used to treat fever and diarrhea. The bark is exported to Europe and sold under the name Cortex Cael Cedar as a substitute for quinine. The tree provides shelter to many species of birds, reptiles, and wild predators. The white waxy crinkled flower spikes are bisexual and have a lifespan of about 24 hours. The flowers open during night time and are pollinated mainly by fruit bats. A mature tree can produce up to 400 flowers at a time. The fruit is large, oval and initially pale green and covered with brown velvety hairs. Mature fruit is light brown, indehiscent (i.e. the ovary wall does not break open to release the seeds) and contains many bean-shaped, black seeds embedded in a floury, dry white fruit pulp. The fruit pulp contains ascorbic acid, tartaric acid and citric acid and is mixed with water to make a delicious drink.

The myth that the trees can grow 6,000 years old, is still a subject of discussion at many camp fires and hunting stories. Notes by Von Breitenbach (Journal of Dendrology: 1985) on the growth rate measured of planted baobabs, their lifetime, different growth stages and genetic variation of the Adansonia digitata, probably refuted the speculation about the longevity of the baobab tree. It is very difficult to tell the age of the baobab tree in the absence of annual growth rings. Once they die, they dehydrate rapidly, splitting into thousanfs of small pieces, eventually decomposing into the soil. Nevertheless, Von Breitenbach did resrearch between 1960 and 1985, measuring and monitoring the growth rate of 40 planted baobab trees aging bewteen 12 and 92 years in 11 different locations in the former Transvaal. Despite the relatively small sample the results on the growth trends relating to stem thickness, tree height, crown width, biomass and graphical analysis suggested a clear trend. Once the information was analyzed, Von Breitenbach was able to make growth projections and four distinct growth phases in the lifespan of a baobab tree. The following phases were distinguished, namely:

• 0 to 10 to 15 years, the young tree phase
• 10-15 and 60-70 years the cone phase
• 60-70 to 200-300 years, the bottle phase
• 200-300 to 500-800 years, the old age phase.

Initially, during the young tree growth phase the leaves are simple, then it changes to three fould commpound during the cone phase and when the tree enters the bottle phase the leave structure again changes from three fould compound to five to seven times palmately compound. This is also the reason why people believe there are no baobab saplings in the wild.

With all the mystique and wonderful stories surrounding the plant, it is no wonder that for many horticulturist and plant lover this plant holds a special fascination. This is reflected in the presence of many trees to be found outside its natural distribution area. There is even a baobab tree in the Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden in Cape Town, although kept alive under artificial conditions.

The hard shell seeds must be soaked in hot water before planting or it can be treated with a mild acid solution. The seeds germinate very easily and after the first year, the plant will already grow 15cm tall and will look like a miniature baobab. Initially it grows very fast, but in time the growth rate seems almost stagnant. If you therefore plant a baobab tree you literraly do that for your children’s children in good faith and hope that it will survive the elements of nature. There are numerous baobabs successfully growing in Rustenburg. The best known one grows in Cashane and another one at the Rustenburg Kloof. The tree likes well-drained soil (definitely not peat!) and if well drained will survive the Rustenburg summer rain fall. The challenge is to keep the plant dry during the winter season when the plant is most vulnerable to root rot. It can tolerate moderate cold but not frost. For the bonsai enthusiast the secret is patience with equally great rewards.

The Sagole baobab in Venda is the largest baobab listed in the National Register of Big Trees in South Africa© of the Dendrological Society. The tree has an index value of 440. The big tree index value is a calculated value which is a combination of trunk diameter at chest height, the height of the tree and the average crown width.
The baobab is declared as a protected plant under the National Forestry Act of 1998 and it is an offense to cut, disturb, damage or destroy any protected tree.

If you have interesting trees stories to share kindly text me at 0825754244 or e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Next week: Living fossils

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*VLU Recipe: Lekker warm Bobotie om winter se stert te knoop

Sjoe - ons hoop darem die “winde” het daar waar julle is ook die afgelope naweek gaan lê en dat ons nou met redelike veiligheid die komberse en winter se warmgoed in die kaste kan bêre. Niemand sal seker kan sê dat hierdie werklik ‘n vreeslike koue winter was nie, maar ja, met die afgelope week en die naweek se koue fronte en winde het dit gedreig om nogal lank te word. In ons kombuis kuier ons vandeesweek vir oulaas by ons Brits-vriendinne - die dames van Brits se Vrouelandbou-unie waar ons die afgelope ses, sewe weke “dik vriende” geword het soos ons mense maar skerts.
Denise Swanepoel was by die Brits-kooksessie besonder produktief en het benewens haar resep vir ‘n wonderlike Baklava-kaaskoek ook vir ons ‘n allerlekkerste hoenderbobotie gemaak en ons was verbaas om te sien hoe “maklik” dit eintlik is.
Hoe langer ons met ons land se wonderlike huisvroue, kokke en sjefs in die kombuise kuier, hoe meer word dit vir ons duidelik dat ‘n mens ‘n gevoel vir kosmaak en bak ontwikkel - dit is maar soos enigiets wat ‘n ou gereeld doen - daar is natuurlik nie ‘n plaasvervanger vir ondervinding nie, maar daar is geen rede hoekom enige jong, onervare kok nie ‘n ingewikkelde resep kan aandurf nie. Ek self het al met groot sukses resepte aangepak waarvoor ek vroeër nie kans sou sien nie - en dit is darem maar al te lekker as jy daai “nuwe” dis, bak of brousel uit die stoof of oond haal en dit is ‘n sukses.
Vir mense wat vir oulaas ‘n stewige knoop in die winter van 2014 se stert wil maak, is Denise se hoenderbobotie ideaal. Gaan kry gou die nodige goedjies en dan verras jy hierdie naweek jou gesin met ‘n heerlike dis - boonop erg tradisioneel...Denise se bobotie word só gemaak...

Bestanddele: 

4 hoenderborsies, sonder veel en been
hoenderspeserye
olie vir braai
1 ui gekap
1 rooi soetrissie gekap
10 ml knoffel
5 ml komyn
10 ml koljander
5 ml kerrie
10 ml borrie
sout en peper
‘n halwe blik pynappelstukke
80 ml blatjang
30 ml suurlemoensap
250 ml klappermelk
2 eiers
3 suurlemoene

Metode:

Verhit die oond tot 180°C. Smeer ‘n oondvaste bak deeglik. Kook die hoender gaar met jou hoenderspeserye bygevoeg. Pluis die hoender in fyn stukkies wanneer dit sag en gaar is. Braai uie en rissie in olie. Voeg al die speserye by en roerbraai. Voeg nou die hoender, pynappel, blatjang en suurlemonesap by en prut vir 3 minute op matige hitte. Gooi die mengsel uit in jou gesmeerde bak. Klits eiers en melk en gooi dit bo-oor. Druk ‘n klompie suurlemoenblare so hier en daar in jou dis en bak vir nog 30 minute. Skep vir elkeen ‘n “ruim” porsie en geniet - dit is lekker saam met enigiets! Dankie Denise - en Brits-dames ons salueer julle!

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Maklike, vinnige southappies

on . Posted in Easy Weekday Meals

Bestanddele:

1 x 200g Pyotts Bacon Kips;
Margarien;
1 x 125g fyngedrukte skyfies (Smoked Beef);
Fyn Biltong;
Bruin Brood in kleinerige sirkelvormpies uitgedruk.

Metode:

Smeer Margarien aan weerskante van twee stukkies bruinbrood wat in sirkeltjies uitgedruk is asook aan een Bacon Kip-koekie. Druk Bacon Kip in fyngemaakte biltong (weerskante). Sit stukkies brood weerskante van Bacon Kip en rol beide kante wat met margarien gesmeer is, in fyngedrukte skyfies - só het jy ’n heerlike, maklike southappie spesiaal vir die vakansietyd!

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